ISO 9001:2008 Compared to ISO 9001:2015 (2013 Committee Draft)

ISO 9001:2015 Part 1: Quality Management Principles


This document introduces the seven quality management principles (QMP) on which the quality management system standards of the ISO 9000 series are based and the essential importance for establishing communications for nonconformity and corrective actions.

The principles were developed and updated by international experts of ISO/TC 176, which is responsible for developing and maintaining the ISO 9000 series on quality management standards. This guidance document provides a “statement’ describing each principle and a “rationale’ explaining why an organization should address the principle.

QMP 1 — Customer Focus

a)      Statement – The primary focus of quality management is to meet customer requirements and to strive to exceed customer expectations.

b)      Rationale – Sustained success is achieved when an organization attracts and retains the confidence of customers and other interested parties on whom it depends. Every aspect of customer interaction provides an opportunity to create more value for the customer. Understanding current and future needs of customers and other interested parties contributes to sustained success of an organization.

QMP 2 — Leadership

a)      Statement – Leaders at all levels establish unity of purpose and direction and create conditions in which people are engaged in achieving the quality objectives of the organization.

b)      Rationale – Creation of unity of purpose, direction and engagement enable an organization to align its strategies, policies, processes and resources to achieve its objectives.

QMP 3 — Engagement of People (involvement in 2008)

a)      Statement – It is essential for the organization that all people are competent, empowered and engaged in delivering value. Competent, empowered and engaged people throughout the organization enhance its capability to create value.

b)      Rationale – To manage an organization effectively and efficiently, it is important to involve all people at all levels and to respect them as individuals. Recognition, empowerment and enhancement of skills and knowledge facilitate the engagement of people in achieving the objectives of the organization.

QMP 4 — Process Approach

a)      Statement – Consistent and predictable results are achieved more effectively and efficiently when activities are understood and managed as interrelated processes that function as a coherent system.

b)      Rationale – The quality management system is composed of interrelated processes. Understanding how results are produced by this system, including all its processes, resources, controls and interactions, allows the organization to optimize its performance.

QMP 5 — Improvement (continual improvement in 2008)

a)      Statement – Successful organizations have an ongoing focus on improvement.

b)      Rationale – Improvement is essential for an organization to maintain current levels of performance, to react to changes in its internal and external conditions and to create new opportunities.

QMP 6 — Evidence-based Decision Making (factual approach to decision making)

a)      Statement – Decisions based on the analysis and evaluation of data and information are more likely to produce desired results.

b)      Rationale – Decision-making can be a complex process, and it always involves some uncertainty. It often involves multiple types and sources of inputs, as well as their interpretation, which can be subjective. It is important to understand cause and effect relationships and potential unintended consequences. Facts, evidence and data analysis lead to greater objectivity and confidence in decisions made.

QMP 7 — Relationship Management (mutually beneficial supplier relationships in 2008)

a)      Statement – For sustained success, organizations manage their relationships with interested parties, such as suppliers.

b)      Rationale – Interested parties influence the performance of an organization. Sustained success is more likely to be achieved when an organization manages relationships with its interested parties to optimize their impact on its performance. Relationship management with its supplier and partner network is often of particular importance.

Essential to the seven QMPs is the organization should establish an effective communications method for notifying the organization of nonconformities.

System approach to management, which appears in the 2008 version has been somewhat commingled into the 2015 seven principles.